What Does The 13th Amendment Say ?
The 13th US Constitutional Amendment was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments made to the US Constitution. It officially banned and still continues to proscribe involuntary servitude and slavery prevalent in the United States. It was approved by the Senate on 8 April 1864 and by the House of Representatives a year later, on 21 January 1865.
He was eventually implemented and put to practice on December 6, 1865. It was also officially declared in the Emancipation Proclamation put forward by State Secretary William H Seward on December 18, 1865.
Section 1 of the 13th Amendment states, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, nor any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Therefore, once the 13th Amendment was implemented, slavery, forced labor, and debt servitude were abolished from the US. Section 2 of the Amendment, on the other hand, states that the power to put the article into effect by apposite legislation shall remain with the Congress.
In the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution, ‘involuntary servitude’ and forced labor have been described as conditions in which people are made to work against their will by using threats of legal coercion, threats of force, or actual force. The people who were held in this ‘climate of fear’ and made to work forcibly have been referred as the ‘Peonage’ in the draft of the amendment proposal. Thus, the successful accomplishment of the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution resulted in the selective implementation of stringent laws against slavery or vagrancy, which ultimate led to the complete elimination of slavery from the US.
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