Baseline Of Environmental Law
Environmental law deals with regulating the human activities on the environment in order to protect both the human race and Mother Nature.
It is a complex web of conventions, treaties and regulations established by a joint effort of many countries in the world.The laws that were initially established addressed major environmental issues like pollution of natural resources like air and water and also conservation of natural resources and their management.
Laws which were passed to control pollution of the resources pertained to certain medium in the environment (for instance, water or air). It aimed at controlling the pollutants emission and defined the liabilities if the permissible limit is exceeded.
Similarly, laws which dealt with conservation of natural resources and their management dealt with a particular resource like mineral deposits, protection of certain animal species, forests, scenic spots, archaeological wonders, etc. Guidelines for use of these resources were defined.
The environmental laws were interdependent on each other. For example, laws that defined protecting the environment from water pollution also promoted the recreational value of these natural bodies. Moreover, some of the national, state and municipal laws included “environmental conservation issues” while making policy decisions.
The principles of environmental law are influenced by other aspects like conservation, sustainability, responsibility, ecology and stewardship. Pollution laws not only protected the natural resources, it addressed the issues that impacted human health also. Similarly, resource conservation laws not only preserve the environmental resources, but prevent exploitation also.
Thus environmental laws deal with preservation and conservation of resources from getting exhausted by overusing.
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