Causes Of Child Abuse And Neglect
Child abuse cannot be always accredited to an unknown person; there is ample evidence to prove that many times the abuser is very close to you, maybe in your own house. There have been cases wherein children have been abused by a family friend, a relative or worst of all by a parent.
Owing to reasons of impurity and embarrassment, often an abused child holds himself or herself responsible for the occurrence of the act. Such children start believing that they brought it upon themselves. However, the first and the foremost thing to understand is that the responsibility of the act solely rests with the abuser.
Essentially, there are three reasons for abuse -- the parental cause, the ecological cause and child problems. The first cause involves the parental factors linked to abuse. Aspects such as an unwanted pregnancy, colic baby and insufficient support system tend to increase the frustration level of the parent. Parents who have been subjected to abuse in childhood end up committing the same with their children as well. Also, many parents unintentionally cross the threshold of discipline and abuse in the name of disciplining. Other factors under this category include emotional deficit, patriarchal family structure, and not having any specific boundaries within the child and parent relationship.
The ecological causes contributing towards child abuse are poverty, lack of sufficient resources for all members of the family, marital discord and parents indulging in substance abuse such as drugs and alcohol that trigger off such negative responses.
Child problems that could lead to child abuse include ADHD, handicapped child, impractical expectations, weak child-parent bond and ‘latch key’ children, signifying that section of children that come back home to an empty house and are left without care and supervision.
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